オープンシステムについて

オープンシステムについて

1997年にFDAが施行した21 CFR Part 11 「電子記録・電子署名」では、クローズドシステムとオープンシステムが区別されている。
クローズドシステムとは、企業が管理できる範囲のネットワークの内側に存在するシステムのことである。LANやイントラネットといったものが相当するだろう。
一方で、オープンシステムとは、インターネットのような企業が管理できない範囲のネットワークに電子記録を委ねるものである。
オープンシステムというシステムは恒久的には存在していない。クローズドシステムとクローズドシステムをインターネットで接続した際などにオープンシステムが構築されるのである。
例えば、ネットで航空券や新幹線チケットを予約・購入したり、AMAZONや楽天などでショッピングするなどはその例である。
その際に、多くの場合、クレジットカード番号などの重要な情報をインターネットに流すことになる。

しかしながら、インターネットの世界には盗聴・改ざん・なりすましといった3つのリスクが存在する。
例えば、クレジットカード番号や暗証番号を盗み取られてしまうリスクがある訳だ。
そこでPart11では、オープンシステム(インターネット)を介して電子記録を送受信する場合は、暗号化やデジタル署名の利用を要求している。

暗号化やデジタル署名の利用といっても難しいことではない。Part11発行当時から存在したSSL(Secure Socket Layer)という技術を使えば良い。
SSLでは、ユーザが気付かないまでも、暗号化やデジタル署名といった技術を使用しているのである。
現在となっては、SSLの使用は常識である。
なお、デジタル署名と電子署名は異なるので注意が必要だ。 Part11は未来を予測して作成されたものであったが、25年が経った今ではそのほとんどが常識となっている訳である。

関連商品

[blogcard url=https://xn--2lwu4a.jp/qms-md/ title=”QMS(手順書)ひな形 医療機器関連” ]

[blogcard url= https://ecompliance.co.jp/SHOP/CSV-5KY-LIVE-00009.html title=”【VOD】CSVセミナー【第9講】”]

[blogcard url= https://ecompliance.co.jp/SHOP/213216.html title=”【書籍】 特許情報分析(パテントマップ)から見た 電子署名(デジタル署名、電子サイン、デジタルサイン等) 技術開発実態分析調査報告書”]

[blogcard url= https://ecompliance.co.jp/SHOP/EL-006.html title=”【セミナービデオ】データインテグリティSOP作成セミナー”]

[blogcard url= https://ecompliance.co.jp/SHOP/O003.html title=”【VOD】現場目線で考える!すぐ活用出来る! コンピュータ化システムバリデーション(CSV)超入門2020″]

Related post

Comment

  1. generic allergy pills major brand allergy pills prescription only allergy medication

  2. what is the strongest sleeping pill buy sleep medications online

  3. deltasone online order order prednisone 5mg sale

  4. best tablet for stomach pain combivir price

  5. best topical acne medication prescription cefdinir drug topical prescription adult acne medication

  6. prescription medication for abdominal pain zidovudine 300 mg pills

  7. buy cheap isotretinoin order accutane 10mg for sale purchase accutane pills

  8. buy sleep medications online buy meloset 3mg online

  9. amoxil pill order amoxil 500mg generic order amoxil pills

  10. best online rx for sleep order phenergan 10mg pills

  11. azithromycin for sale online generic zithromax 250mg buy generic zithromax over the counter

  12. neurontin 100mg brand order neurontin 600mg

  13. cost azithromycin 250mg order azipro 250mg without prescription buy azipro 250mg without prescription

  14. generic lasix 100mg buy lasix without prescription

  15. buy omnacortil pill omnacortil where to buy order omnacortil 10mg

  16. buy amoxicillin for sale amoxicillin 250mg pill order generic amoxil 500mg

  17. order vibra-tabs pills order vibra-tabs pill

  18. order albuterol online buy albuterol online albuterol 4mg usa

  19. cost augmentin amoxiclav online buy

  20. synthroid 75mcg generic levoxyl pills buy synthroid pill

  21. buy cheap levitra vardenafil 10mg without prescription

  22. cheap clomid purchase clomid buy clomid 50mg for sale

  23. order tizanidine 2mg pill tizanidine where to buy buy generic tizanidine for sale

  24. buy semaglutide pills semaglutide without prescription purchase rybelsus online cheap

  25. buy prednisone 40mg sale deltasone 10mg oral order prednisone 10mg online cheap

  26. buy semaglutide no prescription semaglutide us buy rybelsus pill

  27. isotretinoin 10mg usa buy accutane 10mg generic buy generic accutane 10mg

  28. albuterol drug oral albuterol 4mg albuterol uk

  29. buy amoxicillin 250mg generic amoxil over the counter amoxicillin 250mg drug

  30. buy cheap generic augmentin order amoxiclav pill order augmentin 625mg pill

  31. buy zithromax 250mg sale zithromax canada zithromax 250mg brand

  32. buy synthroid pill cheap levoxyl tablets purchase levothyroxine without prescription

  33. prednisolone 40mg canada buy prednisolone 20mg generic omnacortil 20mg usa

  34. clomiphene 50mg cheap purchase clomiphene online clomiphene price

  35. cheap gabapentin generic brand neurontin 600mg buy gabapentin 100mg without prescription

  36. furosemide 40mg ca furosemide 40mg generic order furosemide 40mg sale

  37. order viagra 100mg sale order viagra 50mg without prescription viagra generic

  38. how to buy semaglutide purchase rybelsus without prescription cheap rybelsus 14 mg

  39. buy doxycycline 200mg generic purchase vibra-tabs buy doxycycline 200mg for sale

  40. Awsome post and right to the point. I am not sure if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you guys have any ideea where to get some professional writers? Thanks 🙂

  41. online casino with free signup bonus real money usa online slots for real money play poker online free no sign up

  42. pregabalin pills pregabalin pill order pregabalin 150mg without prescription

  43. triamcinolone 4mg usa oral triamcinolone buy aristocort 4mg online

  44. real cialis tadalafil pills levitra or cialis

  45. order desloratadine pill desloratadine oral order clarinex 5mg online

  46. buy cenforce cheap order cenforce pill order cenforce without prescription

  47. claritin online order loratadine cheap buy loratadine 10mg for sale

  48. oral chloroquine order aralen 250mg for sale chloroquine drug

  49. buy dapoxetine 90mg online cheap order cytotec 200mcg generic misoprostol cost

  50. metformin 500mg canada metformin 500mg pills glycomet 500mg cheap

  51. order xenical sale diltiazem brand purchase diltiazem online cheap

  52. where to buy lipitor without a prescription order lipitor 20mg generic atorvastatin online order

  53. norvasc 5mg us buy norvasc 10mg sale buy amlodipine 5mg without prescription

  54. acyclovir without prescription zyloprim online buy buy allopurinol 300mg for sale

  55. buy lisinopril for sale buy generic prinivil purchase zestril online

  56. where can i buy crestor order ezetimibe 10mg sale buy zetia without prescription

  57. omeprazole 20mg pill buy prilosec 10mg online cheap omeprazole 10mg oral

  58. buy motilium tablets order motilium 10mg for sale tetracycline sale

  59. metoprolol cheap buy lopressor tablets cheap metoprolol 100mg

  60. order flexeril pill order flexeril pill generic baclofen 10mg

  61. order atenolol 100mg generic atenolol generic purchase tenormin online cheap

  62. order toradol online gloperba drug buy colchicine medication

  63. medrol 16 mg without prescription medrol 8 mg pills methylprednisolone cheap

  64. research paper editing custom written papers editing essays

  65. order inderal 20mg online order generic clopidogrel 75mg buy clopidogrel 75mg generic

  66. order methotrexate 5mg pills methotrexate 2.5mg cost warfarin 5mg generic

  67. how to buy mobic buy celebrex 200mg generic celecoxib pills

  68. buy metoclopramide 10mg generic how to buy maxolon buy generic losartan

  69. buy generic tamsulosin order celebrex 200mg sale celebrex online order

  70. order nexium 20mg pills topiramate 200mg without prescription buy topiramate medication

  71. buy zofran without prescription buy aldactone 100mg pills buy generic aldactone 100mg

  72. how to buy imitrex oral imitrex brand levofloxacin 500mg

  73. buy simvastatin paypal zocor 20mg brand order valtrex generic

  74. buy avodart tablets purchase avodart pills buy ranitidine generic

  75. order propecia 5mg pills order finasteride 1mg generic brand diflucan 100mg

  76. I used to be recommended this blog by means of my cousin. I am not sure whether or not this post is written by means of him as nobody else recognise such detailed about my difficulty. You’re amazing! Thank you!

  77. buy ampicillin acticlate oral brand amoxil

  78. ciprofloxacin 1000mg cheap – purchase ethambutol generic order augmentin for sale

  79. buy cipro 500mg online – buy bactrim pills for sale order augmentin sale

  80. order ciplox 500mg without prescription – erythromycin order buy erythromycin for sale

  81. buy metronidazole 200mg generic – terramycin 250mg drug buy generic zithromax

  82. ivermectin 3mg tablets – cheap ciprofloxacin sumycin order online

  83. order valacyclovir 500mg online – buy cheap generic mebendazole purchase zovirax

  84. buy ampicillin without a prescription purchase penicillin generic amoxil where to buy

  85. Hi there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any methods to protect against hackers?

  86. cheap metronidazole – buy generic cleocin 150mg zithromax 500mg uk

  87. furosemide without prescription – purchase tacrolimus generic capoten 120mg uk

  88. There is certainly a lot to know about this topic. I really like all the points you’ve made.

  89. purchase glucophage generic – buy lincomycin without a prescription purchase lincocin online cheap

  90. zidovudine 300 mg price – buy avapro buy allopurinol sale

  91. buy clozaril 50mg generic – buy frumil 5mg generic cost pepcid 40mg

  92. Great website. A lot of helpful info here. I am sending it to some friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your sweat!

  93. quetiapine 50mg for sale – bupron SR for sale where can i buy eskalith

  94. clomipramine 25mg over the counter – abilify 30mg drug sinequan 75mg cost

  95. buy hydroxyzine 25mg generic – buspin sale order generic endep

  96. I genuinely value your piece of work, Great post.

  97. Simply a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw outstanding pattern.

  98. augmentin 625mg us – buy linezolid 600mg pills purchase cipro sale

  99. amoxicillin drug – buy cephalexin 125mg order baycip pill

  100. azithromycin us – purchase ciprofloxacin pill purchase ciprofloxacin online

  101. clindamycin uk – chloromycetin online chloramphenicol brand

  102. ivermectin order – order aczone gel buy cefaclor generic

  103. order ventolin 2mg generic – fexofenadine 120mg over the counter order theo-24 Cr without prescription

  104. medrol 4mg without prescription – generic astelin 10ml order azelastine 10 ml sale

  105. oral desloratadine – desloratadine 5mg over the counter order albuterol 4mg for sale

  106. micronase for sale online – dapagliflozin 10 mg over the counter buy generic dapagliflozin for sale

  107. order glycomet 500mg for sale – glucophage 500mg generic purchase acarbose pills

  108. It’s really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  109. pill repaglinide – order generic empagliflozin jardiance online order

  110. order semaglutide 14mg generic – purchase DDAVP for sale DDAVP medication

  111. buy terbinafine pills – order terbinafine 250mg sale buy generic griseofulvin over the counter

  112. ketoconazole 200 mg us – itraconazole online buy order itraconazole for sale

  113. order famciclovir 500mg – valcivir 1000mg for sale buy cheap generic valcivir

  114. order digoxin 250mg for sale – irbesartan oral lasix 100mg price

  115. buy metoprolol cheap – buy cozaar generic adalat 30mg drug

  116. hydrochlorothiazide for sale – zestril 5mg for sale zebeta 5mg without prescription

  117. buy nitroglycerin online cheap – buy lozol pills for sale order valsartan generic

  118. zocor trial – lipitor conversation atorvastatin advance

  119. crestor behind – pravachol online interest caduet pills explore

  120. viagra professional online wound – malegra college levitra oral jelly online breath

  121. dapoxetine replace – suhagra uniform cialis with dapoxetine remote

  122. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a appropriate deal. I had been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast offered brilliant transparent concept

  123. cenforce online anybody – cenforce view brand viagra online vision

  124. I will right away snatch your rss as I can not in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please allow me know so that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  125. brand cialis mere – apcalis vivid penisole remark

  126. Really excellent information can be found on blog. “That is true wisdom, to know how to alter one’s mind when occasion demands it.” by Terence.

  127. brand cialis union – viagra soft tabs perish penisole present

  128. cialis soft tabs online else – cialis oral jelly high viagra oral jelly online scrooge

  129. Magnificent site. A lot of useful info here. I’m sending it to some friends ans also sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your sweat!

  130. I really enjoy looking through on this site, it has fantastic blog posts. “And all the winds go sighing, For sweet things dying.” by Christina Georgina Rossetti.

  131. cialis soft tabs spite – cialis super active hail1 viagra oral jelly online knife

  132. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention.

  133. dapoxetine once – fildena wife cialis with dapoxetine depth

  134. I really appreciate this post. I have been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thanks again

  135. cenforce online sleep – levitra professional ease brand viagra online anymore

  136. DentiCore is a gum health support formula designed to help users remove dental health problems like bad breath, cavities, tooth decay, etc.

  137. asthma medication shelve – inhalers for asthma release asthma treatment lump

  138. I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thx again!

  139. acne medication spider – acne treatment anyway acne treatment instead

  140. pills for treat prostatitis meanwhile – prostatitis treatment strain prostatitis pills wake

  141. uti antibiotics unseen – uti medication twelve uti medication bar

  142. I’m typically to running a blog and i really respect your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information.

  143. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So good to find any person with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this web site is something that’s needed on the web, someone with a bit of originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the web!

  144. claritin pills camp – claritin lee loratadine medication gold

  145. valtrex online upon – valacyclovir pills blast valtrex pills roof

  146. I think this internet site holds very superb written subject material content.

  147. priligy bold – dapoxetine excellent dapoxetine reference

  148. claritin pills sore – loratadine square claritin lantern

  149. Very interesting info !Perfect just what I was looking for!

  150. Thanks, I have recently been looking for info approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I have found out so far. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  151. ascorbic acid speech – ascorbic acid nervous ascorbic acid rear

  152. I like this blog so much, saved to fav.

  153. promethazine body – promethazine lad promethazine aloud

  154. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself? Plz reply back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to know wheere u got this from. thanks

  155. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. This is a really well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn extra of your helpful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  156. clarithromycin rain – albenza pills oxford cytotec pills starve

  157. florinef old – pantoprazole queen prevacid pills best

  158. I admire your piece of work, regards for all the good content.

  159. you are in reality a just right webmaster. The website loading pace is incredible. It sort of feels that you are doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a magnificent process on this topic!

  160. What Is FitSpresso? FitSpresso is a natural weight loss supplement that alters the biological cycle of the body to burn more calories and attain a slim and healthy body

  161. buy rabeprazole online – buy generic domperidone purchase motilium for sale

  162. bisacodyl online – order imodium generic order liv52 without prescription

  163. That is really attention-grabbing, You are an overly skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to looking for extra of your great post. Additionally, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  164. eukroma over the counter – duphaston 10mg brand buy duphaston 10 mg sale

  165. order cotrimoxazole 480mg pill – order cotrimoxazole generic tobramycin usa

  166. buy griseofulvin 250mg – buy dipyridamole 100mg sale lopid 300 mg cost

  167. buy generic dapagliflozin – precose 50mg generic buy precose 50mg generic

  168. Everything is very open and very clear explanation of issues. was truly information. Your website is very useful. Thanks for sharing.

  169. Im now not positive where you’re getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying much more or figuring out more. Thanks for magnificent information I was on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  170. Some really tremendous work on behalf of the owner of this internet site, dead outstanding articles.

  171. buy dimenhydrinate 50 mg for sale – buy prasugrel 10 mg pill order risedronate generic

  172. vasotec brand – zovirax over the counter purchase latanoprost generic

  173. cost etodolac 600mg – pletal 100mg without prescription buy pletal generic

  174. buy feldene 20 mg sale – cost piroxicam 20 mg buy exelon generic

  175. I am constantly looking online for posts that can assist me. Thanks!

  176. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  177. There are some fascinating closing dates on this article but I don’t know if I see all of them middle to heart. There may be some validity however I’ll take hold opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we would like extra! Added to FeedBurner as properly

  178. You completed several good points there. I did a search on the issue and found most folks will have the same opinion with your blog.

  179. Very clean site, thanks for this post.

  180. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  181. nootropil brand – sustiva price buy sinemet medication

  182. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you are a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will often come back in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage one to continue your great writing, have a nice weekend!

  183. Hey very nice blog!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also…I am happy to find so many useful information here in the post, we need develop more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  184. Only a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw great style and design. “Justice is always violent to the party offending, for every man is innocent in his own eyes.” by Daniel Defoe.

  185. purchase hydroxyurea online cheap – buy hydrea tablets buy generic methocarbamol over the counter

  186. Great wordpress blog here.. It’s hard to find quality writing like yours these days. I really appreciate people like you! take care

  187. divalproex brand – topiramate 100mg pills topiramate 100mg usa

  188. What is CogniCare Pro? CogniCare Pro is 100 natural and safe to take a cognitive support supplement that helps boost your memory power. This supplement works greatly for anyone of any age and without side effects

  189. buy generic disopyramide phosphate – purchase pregabalin pill thorazine usa

  190. Thanks for another informative site. Where else may just I am getting that type of info written in such a perfect manner? I’ve a challenge that I am just now operating on, and I have been on the glance out for such information.

  191. order aldactone 25mg – carbamazepine tablet revia us

  192. order cyclophosphamide pills – buy stavudine order vastarel generic

  193. order cyclobenzaprine 15mg for sale – order prasugrel vasotec 5mg cheap

  194. zofran 4mg drug – detrol 2mg us order ropinirole 1mg for sale

  195. buy generic ascorbic acid – buy isordil online cheap cheap prochlorperazine online

  196. buy durex gel cheap – order durex gel for sale xalatan usa

  197. F*ckin’ remarkable things here. I’m very happy to look your article. Thank you so much and i’m taking a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  198. purchase rogaine generic – proscar 1mg oral finasteride 1mg brand

  199. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the easiest thing to consider of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while other folks consider worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the entire thing with no need side effect , other people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thank you

  200. leflunomide 10mg without prescription – cheap alfacip buy cartidin generic

TOP